Although several decades have passed, the war that developed in Vietnam became a fundamental part of the history of the US and of global history. Which we have seen reflected many times, both in movies, books, series and documentaries.
However, although it was a humiliating defeat for the US, and caused a great deal of political turmoil and personal trauma, many historians say that it helped to prevent the spread of communism in the Asian peninsula.
Here are some relevant facts about the Vietnam War:
It is popular knowledge that the Vietnam War began on November 1, 1955 and ended with the fall of Saigon on April 30, 1975, which makes it one of the longest battles in modern history.
Mainly the war broke out in Vietnam, but then the fighting spread to neighboring Laos and Cambodia in the early seventies.
The US and the former USSR sustained their conflict called “cold war” fighting for world supremacy. Within the Vietnam War, the US maintained its anti-Communist stance while the USSR made allies with its communist force. The US was concerned that if all of Vietnam became communist, it could spread the propaganda of communism and infect and spread with all that region, this idea was known as the “Domino Effect”, and the US war was to avoid this at all costs.
Ho Chi Minh, was the leader of the North Vietnamese. He also commanded the independence movement from 1941 to 1945, when he created a transitional government, then renounced power in 1965, however, is still considered a representative figure of this war.
Approximately 3 million lives were lost in that armed conflict. On the part of the USA, they suffered losses of 60,000 deaths in action approximately. As for North Vietnam and the Viet Cong they had more than 1,000,000 dead soldiers and up to 2,000,000 civilians who lost their lives.
In 1960 a movement called “Viet Cong” was born that supported the North Vietnamese communist forces in South Vietnam. They also received support from the People’s Republic of China and the Soviet Union. On the other hand, anti-communist forces were led by the Republic of Vietnam (South Vietnam), the US, South Korea, Australia, New Zealand, Thailand and Laos.
Some 500,000 men formed ranks of North Vietnam and its allies. On the other hand, South Vietnam and its allies reached about 1,800,000 fighters for the year of 1968.
Some 2,000 US helicopters flew and saw action in the airspace of Vietnam.
The majority of those killed in combat by the US were young, with an average age of 22 years. More than 11,000 deceased soldiers were under 20 years old.
Richard Nixon, who was president of the United States at the time, was widely criticized for the way he handled the armed conflict. By 1969 it began to reduce the number of soldiers in Vietnam, while mass demonstrations and protests against the war were taking place.
This was one of the most expensive wars in history, the US spent more than $ 100,000,000,000 between the years of 1965 and 1975 alone.
Paris, was the city in which the ceasefire treaty was signed in 1973, but it was not fulfilled and the discord exploded again.
The victory of North Vietnam in 1975 meant that the war was over forever.