Vietcong Female
Vietcong Female


The Vietnam War:

It was a conflict between 1959 and 1975, in the framework of the Cold War, where the Republic of South Vietnam and its ally United States opposed the Democratic Republic of North Vietnam supported mainly by the Union Soviet and China. The antecedent of this conflict is the Indochina War, where the French, owners of what is now Vietnam, fought against the communist and non-communist Vietnamese nationalists who finally defeated the colonizing French in 1954. The country was divided into two: the northern part with a communist regime and the southern part with a pro-American government.


The reunification did not happen, because in the Republic of South Vietnam after a coup in 1956, General Ngo Dinh Diem supported by the CIA did not want it and there was no referendum. This caused the Vietnamese communists of the different parties to create the “Vietcong” and North Vietnam to support them with weapons.


The Vietcong began acting in 1959, they were superior to the ARVN (army of South Vietnam) because in the latter, it governed corruption and some nefarious leaders from the upper class families of the country.
In 1960, the US intervention came in the form of military advisers who trained the army and taught them new tactics, as well as providing weapons. While the South yielded territory little by little, on August 2, 1964, the American destroyer USS Maddox was attacked by patrol boats of the EVN (Army North Vietnam).

Vietcong & North Vietnamese soldier
Vietcong & North Vietnamese soldier


A new attack took place on August 4, which led to the resolution that the United States had carte blanche to intervene in the Asian country, this fact has been much discussed and there are reports in disqualified archives about the falsity of this on 4 August, being an excuse for intervention. This is how the USA began its war in this country and already disembarked soldiers, it must be said that it never declared war formally what will bring them problems.

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In 1965, the first major confrontations between American and Vietcong troops began, such as The Battle of the Drag Valley, where air cavalry was seen to be very effective, converting a disaster into a victory for its rapid response.


At the end of 1965 and 1966 there were massive bombings on different areas with the B-52 that could transport 10,000 kilos of bombs, that was the objective of President Lyndon Baines Johnson, to avoid infantry clashes. The Vietcong used new tactics in the following years, such as building tunnels in the jungle and continuing their indoctrination to peasants.
In 1968, the course of the war changed, as the NVA and the FLN launched major surprise offensives on the entire sector, although repressed had a demoralizing effect on US allies and public opinion, which until then thought that the war was going on the right path


The first of these offensives was that of the Khe Sanh site, defended by some green berets and that lasted 77 days an attack, ending in defeat, the only one of the contest. The second was the Tet offensive launched throughout the South Vietnamese territory that ended with notable losses for the North Vietnamese and guerrilla forces, but which made the anti-war demonstrations in the USA become the majority.

Battle of Khe Sanh
Battle of Khe Sanh


In this offensive, the Battle of Hue was one of the longest and bloodiest.
1969 to 1972 the war spread through Cambodia and Laos, with invasions and bombings of this territory.


With the arrival of Richard Nixon to power in the United States troops were gradually withdrawn to begin negotiations. With the American high fire the ground troops left Vietnam mostly, but the air force was still active in case of attack from the North.

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The defeats of the year 1974 do not diminish the aggressiveness of the puppet regime with the Americans, but the liberation forces attacked successively the military sectors and positions from where the operations of usurpation and pacification started. March 10: The great final offensive begins throughout the length and breadth of the south of the country. Towns, cities and provinces were liberated before the push of the patriotic forces and were falling into the hands of the GRP. April 26: Nguyen Van Thieu fled to Taipei. The puppet troops are left to the brim. The Ho Chi Minh campaign for the liberation of Saigon begins. This was fulminating and lasts less than 48 hours. April 28: Once the Van Thieu regime has been lost, the US Ambassador Grahan Martin is leaving the embassy with a helicopter. April 30: Tanks of the People’s Liberation Army penetrate the outer walls of the Presidential Palace of Saigon, the last stronghold of the puppet regime, and raise in it the victorious flags of the GRP and the FNL. May 7: The peace and independence of Vietnam is proclaimed. Saigon is named City
1969 to 1972 the war spread through Cambodia and Laos, with invasions and bombings of this territory.


With the arrival of Richard Nixon to power in the United States troops were gradually withdrawn to begin negotiations. With the American high fire the ground troops left Vietnam mostly, but the air force was still active in case of attack from the North.

Richard Nixon
Richard Nixon


The defeats of the year 1974 do not diminish the aggressiveness of the puppet regime with the Americans, but the liberation forces attacked successively the military sectors and positions from where the operations of usurpation and pacification started. March 10: The great final offensive begins throughout the length and breadth of the south of the country. Towns, cities and provinces were liberated before the push of the patriotic forces and were falling into the hands of the GRP. April 26: Nguyen Van Thieu fled to Taipei. The puppet troops are left to the brim. The Ho Chi Minh campaign for the liberation of Saigon begins. This was fulminating and lasts less than 48 hours. April 28: Once the Van Thieu regime has been lost, the US Ambassador Grahan Martin is leaving the embassy with a helicopter. April 30: Tanks of the People’s Liberation Army penetrate the outer walls of the Presidential Palace of Saigon, the last stronghold of the puppet regime, and raise in it the victorious flags of the GRP and the FNL. May 7: The peace and independence of Vietnam is proclaimed.

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Saigon is christened Ho Chi Minh City

Source:
https://profeenhistoria.com/guerra-de-vietnam/

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