The Emperor Minh Mang
This emperor was considered by his people as a very wise and gentle man, however his anti-Catholic policy would give the French the pretext to intervene in Vietnam, since his first reaction was to blame the Christian missionaries and their Vietnamese converts , as well as the creation of numerous laws whose purpose was to prevent the expansion of the new religion and sentenced hundreds of Christians to death for their religious beliefs.
French occupation (1858-1954).
The wishes of the French government at that time were to create a territory of strategic and religious influence in Indochina; currently (Vietnam, Laos and Cambodia), but that request would be denied by the Vietnamese imperial court and would not allow him to establish a French consulate and a commercial attaché in Da Nang. In 1858 the French responded to this refusal by occupying Da Nang (which they later called Tourane), the French demanded the cessation of Christian persecutions. By 1861, France had conquered Saigon. After six years of occupation, the southern part of the country was renamed by the French as Cochinchina, and annexed by the French government as a colony.
Aspirations of the French government.
The French sought commercial control of Indochina and Vietnam was a key player in their colonial strategy. After the capture of Saigon, France achieved in 1883 to establish its protectorate on Vietnam, with the capture of the imperial city of Hué, seat of the emperor, who happened to have a merely symbolic role. This colonization brought with it the implementation of a new lifestyle, introducing changes in the architecture, gastronomy and culture of the Vietnamese people, this noble people and faithful to their independent character, remained in resistance to French rule, but the dissenting voices were silenced by the government of the colony without further contemplation.
End of the French occupation.
After almost 100 years of occupation, at the end of World War II, France tried to control the region again, but an organization of Vietnamese communist nationalists led by Ho Chi Minh, known as the Vietminh, opposed the French. After convincing the emperor Bao Dai to abdicate in his favor on September 2, 1945, Ho Chi Minh, already as president, declares the independence of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam. However, before the end of September, a joint force of French and British soldiers, together with captured Japanese troops, managed to reestablish French control. This conflict resulted in the well-known Indochina War and this struggle continued until March 1954, when the Vietminh defeated the French forces in the decisive battle of Dien Bien Phu. This led to the division of the territory in the Democratic Republic of Vietnam (in the north, under the control of the Vietminh) and the State of Vietnam in the south (with the support of the United States, the United Kingdom and France). The events of 1954 also marked the end of French control in the region.