The flag of Vietnam, also known as the “red flag with the yellow star” (Co djo sao Vang) was originally designed in 1940, and adopted on November 30, 1955. It contains a yellow five-pointed star on a colored background red, which symbolizes socialism, inspired by the flag of the Paris Commune.
Design and History
The name of the flag is “The red flag with yellow star”. It was designed by Nguyễn Hữu Tiến, a revolutionary who was against French colonization. The flag was first seen in an uprising (“Nam Kỳ Khởi nghĩa”) in southern Vietnam on November 23, 1940. As a result of the failure of the uprising, Nguyễn Hữu Tiến was arrested and his hands cut off. designed the flag.
The flag was publicly displayed at the Conference on May 19, 1941, the same day the Viet Minh was founded, and the Viet Minh proclaimed it “national flag” on August 17, 1945 during a meeting held in Tân Trào, in the north of Vietnam. That day had begun the national rebellion against the Japanese occupation in Vietnam, which had occupied French Indochina in 1940. When the Japanese surrendered at the end of the Second World War, the Viet Minh entered Hanoi and proclaimed the “Democratic Republic of Vietnam “on September 2, 1945. Three days later, President Ho Chi Minh signed a decree for the flag to be adopted as the flag of Vietnam. French troops returned to Indochina in October and restored colonial power in the south. However, on March 2, 1946, the Vietnamese National Assembly adopted it unanimously as a national flag.
On November 30, 1955, after the Geneva Conference and the definitive independence of North Vietnam, the design of the flag was modified and the size of the star was reduced slightly. After the end of the Vietnam War, in 1976 the flag was also adopted in the territory of ancient South Vietnam. The Flag of Vietnam bears the colors that are very popular in this part of the world – red and yellow. Red is used as a background and yellow fills the five-pointed star placed in the center of the flag. The design of the flag refers to the communist past and is also a symbol of the struggle against French domination. Each peak of the star represents a category of population that contributed to the construction of socialism in Vietnam – peasants, workers, intellectuals, youth and soldiers. The star must commemorate national unity, which is a very important concept for the country that has suffered so much turbulence. Until 1975, Vietnam was divided into North and South, where the North of Vietnam was supported by China and the USSR and South Vietnam was enjoying the patronage of the US … After the Vietnam War, the countries were unified again.